How Glucose Levels Affect Your Body
Every day, your blood sugar fluctuates. This means that at different points in the day, your blood sugar is either higher or lower than the average. Your blood sugar can be affected by a variety of things, from eating to exercise to stress. When your blood sugar is high, it can lead to problems like diabetes. On the other hand, when your blood sugar is low, it can cause tiredness and headaches. It's important to keep track of your blood sugar every day so you know what's normal for you and can spot any problems early on.
Glucose is a simple sugar found in most foods. It is the primary energy source for the body and helps to create ATP, the energy molecule that cells use to function. Glucose is stored in the liver and muscles, and released when needed. When blood sugar levels are high, the pancreas produces insulin to lower them. If blood sugar levels are too low, the pancreas churns out too much insulin which can cause diabetes.
What you need to know about blood sugar and diabetes
- Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin.
- Insulin is a hormone that helps the body turn food into energy.
- When you have diabetes, your blood sugar levels become too high.
- Over time, high blood sugar can damage your eyes, kidneys, nerves, and blood vessels.
- Diabetes can be treated with diet, exercise, medication, and sometimes surgery.
- It is important to keep your blood sugar levels within target range to prevent these complications.
What is the normal range of blood sugar in a person?
A blood glucose test is a blood test for a person with diabetes that screens for this condition by measuring the level of glucose in his or her blood. A standard blood glucose level (after fasting) should not exceed 70 to 99 milligrams per deciliter (0.3 to 0.5 millimole per liter). Related values are indicative of some risk of developing appearance and classic symptoms of diabetes.Blood sugar is important for both human and animal health. In humans, blood sugar levels are tightly regulated to maintain a balance between energy production and energy consumption. Too high of a blood sugar level can result in diabetic complications, while too low of a blood sugar level can lead to hypoglycemia. In animals, blood sugar levels play an important role in regulating energy intake and expenditure.
What is normal blood sugar by age?
Blood Glucose (mg/dl)
- Age 0 to 5 years old is 100 to 180mg/dl
- Age 6 to 9 years old is 80 to 140mg/dl
- Age 10 years old or more is 70 to 120mg/dl
What are the symptoms of high blood sugar?
High blood sugar (hyperglycemia)
- Increased thirst.
- Frequent urination.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Shortness of breath.
- Stomach pain.
- Fruity breath odor.
- A very dry mouth.
What is a good blood sugar level in the morning?
Before eating breakfast, keep your glucose levels in the 70- to 180-mg dL range, and after you eat at other times, keep them between 70 and 130 mg dL.
What blood sugar level is diabetic?
A fasting blood glucose level of 99 mg dL or less is normal, 100 mg dL more indicates you have prediabetes, and 126 mg dL more indicates you have diabetes.
How can I check my blood sugar?
Use a blood glucose meter (also called a glucometer) or a continuous glucose monitor (CGM) to monitor your blood glucose. Using a blood glucose meter, blood is drawn from a small section of your body. A continuous glucose monitor is inserted beneath your skin to provide you with a continuous reading of blood sugar levels. If you'll use a CGM, you must have an effective blood glucose test every day.
What is the best time of day to check blood sugar?
Before meals and at bedtime, testing is often highly recommended for patients with symptoms of diabetes mellitus requiring injections throughout the day. Testing just might be necessary before breakfast and at bedtime, only if you're using an intermediate- or a long-acting insulin.
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What foods create blood sugar?
In general, foods that cause blood sugar level to rise the most are those that are high in carbohydrates, which are quickly converted into energy, such as rice, bread, fruits and sugar. Next are foods high in protein, such as meats, fish eggs, milk and dairy products, and oily foods. Carbohydrates (carbs) are what cause blood sugar to rise. When you eat carbs, they are broken down into simple sugars. Those sugars then enter the bloodstream. As your blood sugar levels rise, your pancreas releases a hormone called insulin, which prompts your cells to absorb sugar from the blood.
What fruits can lower blood sugar?
In addition to raspberries, studies have shown that strawberries, blueberries, and blackberries may benefit blood sugar management by enhancing insulin sensitivity and improving glucose clearance from the blood
Blood sugar levels can affect your mood, energy, and ability to think clearly. There are many things you can do to keep your blood sugar under control. People with diabetes rely on a careful balance of glucose and insulin to keep their blood sugar levels in check. Glucose is the body's main source of energy, while insulin helps manage that energy by transporting it from the blood into cells. When these levels drift out of whack, diabetes can develop.